Gunung Padang

Gunung Padang Megalith

Imagine the world 20,000 years ago, what would it be like? Would there be civilized humans? Would they live in organized villages? Could they communicate and cultivate? In fact, imagine that our entire historical timeline of civilization was off by several thousand years. How would this affect our theories, our origins, even who we attribute certain discoveries too? Up until very recently history books would tell you that there were no advanced civilizations prehistory, but with the discovery of Gunung Padang that is all changing.

An artist rendetion of Gunung Padang during its time in use.

An artist’s rendition of Gunung Padang uncovered.

Gunung Padang (the mountain of enlightenment) is the newest megalith to be discovered and is shaking up history books. Located in Indonesia, Gunung Padang is the largest megalith in all of southern Asia to date with its highest point being 300 feet up and its base covering an area of nearly 9,700 square feet. When it was discovered in 1914 it was estimated to have been built around 2,500-1,500 BC. Once the site caught the interest of modern archaeologist, Danny Natawidjaja, in 2011 radiocarbon dating was done on the the exposed terrace which dated back to 2,800 BC. After the initial dating archaeologists took core samples from beneath the megaliths main structure and discovered basaltic pillars buried beneath indicating that Gunung Padang is a multilevel structure. The following core samples showed evidence of activity on the structure at 20,000 BC, 14,700 BC, 9,600 BC, 4,700 BC,  and the initial surface sample which indicated the newest addition of the terrace was built around 2,800 BC. These dates are quite contradictory to our current accepted thoughts on prehistoric communities.

Remains of Gudung Padang's Terrace.

Remains of Gudung Padang’s Terrace.


What the previously mentioned dates reveal is something incredibly new. Traditional history books have assumed that our ancestors were primitive hunters up until around 9,500 BC when the last ice age ended, thus implying they had lacked the ability to design a structure like Gunung Padang. In fact prior to this dating it was thought that the oldest cities dated back to 3,500 BC in Mesopotamia, Gunung Padang’s lowest tier surpasses this date by 16,000 years. With the continuing research being done it is quite likely that many of our current thoughts on our origins will be altered in coming years. This will undoubtedly change what is taught in our schools as this timeline transcends the ice age event horizon and implies that our ancestors were far more advanced than we had previously thought them to be, even more so than the ancient Egyptians. The pyramids of Giza were said to have taken around 10 years to build with about 25,000 people working on it. Keep in mind that in 2,500 BC that was roughly  5% of the world population, now imagine the amount of people required to complete Gunung Padang. With this discovery and the eventual dating of artifacts that may be discovered from this site’s dig may open up the opportunity for archaeologists to search for other ancient cities, such as the fabled Atlantis.


I'm Dustin and I'm fond of learning new things. Be it about the inner workings of a clock to the reason the sun rises; I'd love to hear about it. If you're like me give some of my articles a read.

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